Prenatal care is very important. What you eat, drink and what you do will affect your baby. When you are pregnant, make sure you make frequent visits to your doctor. If you are pregnant and this is your first baby; these are some things you might encounter.
Visiting the Doctor
When you visit your doctor when you are pregnant, you will always have your blood pressure tested. They will also ask you how you have been feeling and talk about your medical history as well. On your first visit, you’ll most likely have a pelvic exam. This is conducted to see how big your uterus is and to see if there’s any infections.
Blood tests and urine tests may also be done. The blood tests are done to check if you have low iron levels or any infections (HIV). The urine test is conducted to see if you have high sugar levels, protein levels or if you have any bacteria. You might also be asked to take a blood screening test to see if your baby has down syndrome or any defects. If you are 36 or over, you might be offered CVS or amnicentesis.
Ultrasound testing might be done as well to see how healthy your baby is and when they’re due. Ultrasound is always done to check on your placenta and where it is located in your uterus. Other times, ultrasounds can be used to monitor your baby’s growth. Other tests might be done depending on how healthy you or your baby is.
Things NOT to do when you are Pregnant
This is a list of things you shouldn’t do when you are pregnant.
- Don’t smoke
- Don’t eat undercooked or raw meats
- Avoid cleaning your cat’s litter box
- Do not stay in a hot area (Hot tub or sauna)
- Douching might cause risks if you are pregnant
- Don’t drink any alcohol (Wines or beers)
Doing any of this might cause defects, premature births, or sickness to the baby.
What you eat is Important
When you are pregnant, you must eat. It isn’t a good idea to diet when you are pregnant or else your baby might not get the nutrients they need. Always pick healthy foods over junk foods. This is a list of how much food you should get daily:
- 6 to 10 glasses of liquids (water, natural juices)
- 5 to 12 servings of whole grains (breads, rice, pasta, macaroni, cereals)
- 3 to four servings of dairy products (milk, yogurt, cheese)
- 2 to 3 servings of meats, nuts, eggs, poultry, beans or fish
- 5 to 10 servings of natural fruit and vegetables
You can get vitamins and minerals from what you eat naturally, however sometimes your doctor might suggest you take multivitamin pills or other supplements. Some include vitamin pills filled with iron to reduce the chance of amemia developing in your baby and protecting them from it; calcium to keep your folic acid strong and your bones healthy. Folic acid is important to prevent any neural tube defects.
If money is a problem, ask your doctor about programs that aid women financially when they are pregnant.
Before consuming any kind of medicine, consult with your doctor first. Medicines might cause birth defects. Other medicines are safe to take when you are pregnant, but make sure you ask your doctor first.
You can do the exercises that you were doing before you got pregnant, however if you have any problems during your pregnancy, it isn’t a good idea to exercise. Exercising while you are pregnant might make the delivery and labor much easier for you.
If you didn’t exercise or you are new to exercising, make sure for the first few exercises you perform slowly. Don’t do any vigorous movements though. If you are doing cardiovascular exercises or you lose a lot of sweat during exercise, make sure you stay hydrated.
It’s alright to have sex when you are pregnant, but if your doctor believes you might have problems, you should avoid having sex. When you are pregnant, you might find that your interest in sex is higher or lower. Over the course of your pregnancy, you might need to experiment with the different positions. If you are planning on having oral sex, make sure your partner doesn’t blow air in your vagina.
How to Feel Better when you are Pregnant
This is a list of discomforts you’ll experience when you are pregnant:
- Morning Sickness: Vomiting or nausea may happen at any time during the day. Make sure you eat frequently and eat small portions. Stay away from greasy foods and make sure you have crackers wherever you go. If you find that you are experiencing morning sickness for 3 months or more, talk with your doctor. Women who have morning sickness have their chances of miscarry reduced by a lot.
- Leg Cramps:Leg cramps are common when you are pregnant. When you suffer from a cramp, point your toes toward your knee or upwards.
- Hemorrhoids: When you are doing your bowel movements, avoid straining. Take hemorrhoid ointments or take warm soak baths if needed.
- Tiredness: Anemia might cause you to become tired during pregnancy. Make sure you get enough sleep and visit your doctor if you feel tired consistently.
- Constipation: Make sure you eat a lot of foods that are high in fiber and you drink a lot of fluids throughout the day.
- Skin changes: Itchiness and stretch marks will appear when you are pregnant. Sometimes you might find that your skin gets darker as well. Make sure that you apply sunscreen when you are going outside on a sunny day to avoid skin cancer.
- Increased Urination: If you find that you have to go to the bathroom more, this is because your baby is putting pressure on your bladder. This is normal, however if you feel a burning sensation when you use the bathroom, visit your doctor.
- Heartburn:Avoid greasy foods and spicy foods. Make sure you eat often and eat smaller portions. If you don’t know how much to eat, ask your doctor.
- Bleeding gums:Make sure that you thoroughly floss and brush your teeth. Make sure to see your dentist when you have plans to if your bleeding gums persist.
- Edema: When you experience edema, make sure to elevate your legs and lie on your side when sleeping. This will help blood flow from your legs back to your heart.
- Moodiness: Your emotions will be all over the place when you are pregnant. This will happen for nine months. Don’t be too hard on yourself though, it’s all natural because you are going through something that will change your life forever. Try meditating to calm your emotions. if you have thoughts about suicide, make sure to visit your doctor.
- Stuffy Nose: This is a common when you are pregnant. This is due to the changes of levels in your hormone estrogen. Nosebleeds might occur.
If you feel extremely uncomfortably when you encounter any of these symptoms, it’ll be a wise idea to visit your doctor. What you do when you are pregnant is important, so make sure you make the right choices.